The China Nationwide Area Administration (CNSA) introduced on Could 15 that the Tianwen-1 (Tianwen-1) probe had efficiently landed on the floor of the “Red Planet”. Xinhua information company reported: “China has left its first footprint on Mars, an important step forward for our space exploration.”
The New York Occasions reported that since 1976, the US has efficiently landed on Mars 9 occasions. The Soviet Union in 1971 turned the primary nation to land a lander on the floor of the Crimson Planet, however the mission was unsuccessful as a result of the probe then stopped transmitting.
Just lately, China has repeatedly recorded new house science achievements. On the morning of April 29, China launched the primary module to construct its personal Area Station (CSS). It appears that evidently to meet up with the US and Russia, China’s ambitions don’t cease at Mars and the house station.
In January 2019, China was the primary nation to land a probe on the darkish facet of the Moon. The darkish facet could be understood because the night time facet of the Moon whereas the opposite facet is observable from Earth resulting from receiving daylight and is the day facet. That is China’s second profitable touchdown on the lunar floor, the primary being in 2013.
China is the third nation on the planet to efficiently discover the Moon, after the US and Russia. In December 2020, China despatched one other probe to the Moon, which is Chang’e-5. On December 16, 2020, the Chang’e-5 spacecraft landed in Internal Mongolia carrying samples from the lunar floor. That is the primary time scientists have collected samples from the lunar floor, after the Soviet Luna-24 mission in 1976.
China plans to launch three extra spacecraft to the Moon by 2027. Beijing’s aim is to determine a base on the Moon that may be accessed by astronauts throughout the subsequent decade.
In March, the Russian house company Roscosmos stated it will cooperate with China in constructing a analysis station on the Moon. Nevertheless, the 2 international locations have but to announce the main points of this coordination plan.
The fragmentation of China’s Lengthy March 5B missile falling into the Indian Ocean in Could has drawn a lot criticism from worldwide public opinion. In April, this Lengthy March 5B rocket despatched the core module into house to construct China’s first house station.
Within the close to future, China plans to hold out 11 extra launches to finish the house station by the tip of 2022.
The Worldwide Area Station (ISS) collectively developed by Russia, the US and plenty of international locations will “retire” in 2024. It’s nonetheless unclear what is going to occur subsequent. The US Nationwide Aeronautics and Area Administration (NASA) advocates retaining the ISS operational for a number of extra years. Russia in the meantime introduced it will withdraw from 2025.
Within the occasion that the ISS is totally shut down, China would be the solely nation that owns the house station. Accordingly, the Chinese language house station named Thien Cung is predicted to have the ability to host three astronauts working on the identical time. China has chosen a workforce of 18 astronauts, together with just one lady. The primary three astronauts are anticipated to spend three months in house.
Mars and extra
China introduced that it plans to make yet one more Mars touchdown by 2028 and convey samples from the planet again to Earth for examine. NASA and the European Area Company are additionally embarking on this work within the hope that the US Perseverance probe, which landed on Mars in February, can convey soil and rock from Mars to Earth by 2031. That is stated to be extra more likely to result in a race between the events.
China additionally plans to take 10 years to gather samples from the comet. As well as, the nation additionally intends to arrange spacecraft to orbit round Venus and Jupiter. By 2024, China plans to launch an area telescope just like the US Hubble, which has been in orbit since 1990.
On China Area Day (April 24), President Xi Jinping wrote a letter to senior house scientists, encouraging them to “intensify and broaden house exploration and quickly shortly flip China into an area energy.